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2024 Winter Fine Art, Antiques & Jewelry (Day 1)

Sat, Jan 27, 2024 09:00AM EST
Lot 569

5 NC/TN Land Grant Documents incl. James Glasgow Signed & Overton Related

Estimate: $350 - $450

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Five (5) early North Carolina land related documents referring to land in Nashville Tennessee, before it became a separate state. 1st item: North Carolina Revolutionary War land grant signed by the state's first Secretary of State James Glasgow (1735-1819, convicted of land fraud 1797), granting Daniel Tawney or Fawney 320 acres, location and date unspecified, circa 1793. Mostly illegible and likely later handwritten notes en verso. Note: Glasgow's downfall was the direct result of actions taken by future president from Tennessee, Andrew Jackson. "On 6 Dec. 1797, the year he was elected to the U.S. Senate by the Tennessee legislature, Andrew Jackson told North Carolina Senator Alexander Martin an astonishing tale about frauds in the military land grant program of North Carolina. The story, Jackson said, had been related to him by John Love of Virginia who said he eavesdropped in his room at a lodging house in Nashville while the landlord, William Tyrell, and his nephew, William Tyrrell Lewis, systematically intoxicated some former officers of the North Carolina Continental line so they would sign fraudulent certificates of Continental military service to be used in procuring land warrants from the office of the secretary of state. At Senator Martin's request, Jackson put his statement in a signed and dated writing for Martin to send to the governor of North Carolina, promising also to get Love before a federal judge to make oath concerning what he had witnessed. Love's oath was never forthcoming. Although he was not clearly identified or officially contacted, the hearsay submitted by Jackson was readily believed by Governor Samuel Ashe and by many members of the General Assembly. Ashe... reported the matter to the General Assembly, then in session, noting: 'From the continued buzzing of these flies about the office, my suspicions have long been awake.' Jackson's tale from Love had activated Ashe, and he dutifully managed to activate the Assembly. Both houses rejected a proposed resolution to remove Glasgow from office, although they adopted measures suspending the military land grant business in most respects". Glasgow was ultimately found guilty on 2 counts and fined. 2nd item: 1850s transcript of a Land indenture between William Slade of Newbern and Thomas Overton of Moore County for 1280 acres in Davidson County, Tennessee. Note: Thomas Overton was an important military and political figure, best known for acting as Andrew Jackson's second in Jackson's duel with Charles Dickinson in 1806; also the older brother of Jackson's good friend John Overton of Travellers Rest. The remaining items in this lot are early transcripts of Revolutionary War Grants: 3nd item: Grant to Private Holden Simmons, assignee Jeremiah Hendrick, land in Sumner County NC (later TN), #3333, original date 1797. 4th item: Grant to John McFarland, 640 acres of land in Davidson County NC (later TN) "on the head of Stoner's Creek a branch of Stones River, #397, original date 1793. 5th item: Grant (#1022) to Lt. William Slade for 1607 acres in Davidson County (then NC, now TN) on Cedar Lick Creek, original date 1789.

Condition

1st item: toning, separations at fold lines, light discoloration to left side. Folds across Glasgow's signature. Other items generally very good condition, light toning, minor edge chipping.

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